Do We Need Smart Grids?

The electric grid was designed as a regional power source, distributing electricity uni-directionally from a central location to the customer. Homes & businesses across the United States are now installing photovoltaic solar systems to significantly lower or eliminate their monthly electric bills. These distributed intermittent energy sources push excess power in the opposite direction, back into the grid.

A large number of automakers started offering electric vehicles to satisfy an increased interest from consumers. EVs are becoming more attractive with advancements in Lithium Ion technology. LIon battery systems are smaller and lighter due to high energy density. This translates into lighter vehicles with faster acceleration and longer range.

Transitioning to renewable energy & electric vehicles will reduce our reliance on foreign sources but at the same time they place unique demands on the utility grid. The increasing demand for electricity and the burden of new technology is a tremendous strain on a transmission system that is already operating well beyond it’s original design. The fundamental purpose of the smart grid is to maintain the stability of the electric distribution system.

It’s unlikely that electric suppliers could deliver the peak capacity required to charge a significant number of EVs simultaneously. A level 2 or 3 charger could represent the equivalent load of several additional homes on a utility transformer. A smart grid would permit EV charging during periods of low demand and deliver that stored energy back into the grid during high demand if needed.

Many consumers are suspicious of the motivation behind a smart electric grid, but inaction is not the answer. The U.S. electric grid is an enormous and extremely complex system of power plants and distribution lines. Steps must be taken to transform it to support growth and future technology or instability could make rolling blackouts a daily occurrence.

The new power distribution system will combine several technologies, integrating wired and wireless devices using multiple protocols. One wireless communication protocol currently being developed to provide a suite of smart grid-enabled appliances is ZigBee.

Smart appliances & devices will require a universal communication protocol and robust infrastructure to handle large amounts of data that unify the system devices so they work seamlessly. This data will allow electric generators and suppliers to load forecast so they can provide consumers with multiple rate structures to select from when scheduling device operation to manage associated costs.

The deployment of smart grid technology into homes & businesses raises several data privacy issues. The critical nature of the system will also require development of security standards to protect data from unauthorized access and maintain the integrity of the infrastructure.

Acceptance of smart grids is dependent upon the development of regulatory law and compliance standards that balance the interests of the utilities and respect for consumer privacy. Unless consumers can unilaterally determine who has access to their energy data they will be reluctant to adopt a smart grid. If developed properly the smart grid will overcome the limitations of a grid designed in the last century and adapt it to the technology of the next century.

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What To Do If The Power Grid Goes Down Due To Hackers Or A Terror Strike

Although we think of the internet as the most indispensable part of our interconnected society today, the fact is that the electrical grid is far more important. After all, the internet needs electricity. However, without electricity we would be back in the 19th century without lights, but only worse. The people in the 19th century knew how to live without electricity: we don’t.

The nation’s electrical power grid relies on the internet for its command and control. The good news is that this interconnectivity allows us to function with less infrastructure since it can be coordinated so well. The bad news is that the extreme amount of interconnectivity leaves the power grid increasingly vulnerable to attack by hackers.

Just about every prepper or survivalist can tell you how an EMP attack with a nuclear bomb would take out the power grid without the blast killing anyone. The “Electro-Magnetic Pulse” would cripple the country by leaving us without electricity and kill many more people than a nuclear blast would.

However, if hackers could accomplish the same thing without a nuclear bomb, they would have far more power. The greatest threat to our country, in terms of the largest amount of deaths, is certainly from an attack that takes out our power grid.

There have been many times in history when the “unthinkable” happened, but how could we possibly prepare for the power grid going down? The answer is counterintuitive. The answer is not stockpiling fuel for diesel generators to be able to make your own electricity. Rather, the answer is learning how to without electricity, for the most part, for an extended period of time.

There is a saying among backpackers that the more knowledge and skills you have in your head, the less gear you have to carry on your back. This is the best advice for preparing for a major power outage. Instead of trying to figure out how you will replace your source of electricity, it is much better to figure out how you can get by without it.

If you have an emergency power generator, it’s not likely that you’ll be able to store enough fuel for more than a few days, unless you have a lot of property and can store some 50 gallon drums of gas. If the power grid goes down, then gas stations won’t be able to pump gas, so you won’t be able to replace what you use.

The best way to prepare for an extended power outage is by practicing living without electricity. Although camping is perhaps the best way to practice, you can also simulate a power grid failure by turning off the electricity in your house for a weekend.

Without electricity, you’ll soon learn how much light you need for the nights, how you’ll cook without an electric stove (or a gas stove with electric ignition) and how to stay warm if it’s winter without your furnace.

You’ll be surprised how quickly you can come up with great solutions and how little money you’ll need to spend if you can undertake this exercise when the pressure isn’t on. However, if you wait until the power goes out for real, then it will be too late.

Texas Electricity Operators Fear Blackouts From New EPA Rules

The operators of the Texas electric grid are predicting a shortfall in capacity by as much as 2,600 MW during the hot Texas summer. The concern comes from the number of electricity plants that will be closing down or delaying their starting dates. This will make it even more challenging for the grid to keep pace as demand for electricity in Texas continues to climb.

Texas consumers have already felt the impact of a loss in electricity capacity. In 2011 a lot of electricity capacity was lost due to plant closings. The problem was exacerbated by freezing temperatures that caused mechanical failure at several power stations. Texas had to take the embarrassing step of having to import electricity from the Mexican electricity grid.

Recent experiences with rolling blackouts and concerns of more difficulties down the road has ERCOT reaching out to the Texas PUC to rework certain rules to give the operators of the grid wider latitude in the way they respond to an electricity demand emergency.

Additional proactive measures being taken by ERCOT include reaching out to the transmission operators to verify the accuracy of the projected in-service date a number of new electricity generation projects. There will be such a fine line between the demand and the supply of electricity over the coming year that there will be very little room for error. Texas electricity rates have been very low leading to a lack of new investment in electricity.

In many ways the Texas electricity system has found itself caught in a perfect storm of weather conditions, new environmental regulations, and economic conditions. 2011 saw record weather on either end of the scale for Texas. The weather challenges faced by the Texas electricity grid started early in the year as February saw an ice storm that effectively shut down transportation and kept Texans inside their homes where they turned on their heaters and demanded record electricity output from the grid. The record demand along with weather-related failures at certain key points in the power generation infrastructure forced ERCOT to implement controlled blackouts.

The pressure on the gird didn’t let up as the summer brought a near record string of 100 degree days. Once again, the Texas electric system skirted on the edge of capacity. Along with the extreme temperatures, 2011 is also notable for the continuation of an historic drought in Texas as wells as unrelenting wildfires.

Somewhat ironically, at the same time Texas is dealing with this extreme weather it is absorbing the impact of new EPA regulations. The true impact of the new rules has been debated for a while but the time is rapidly approaching when the hypothetical impact is giving way to the real world impact as electricity plants that are unable to meet the new rules are closing down at exactly the time when Texas is struggling to generate enough electricity to meet demand. The impact of the new rules is not being felt just in Texas. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), the organization in charge of maintaining the reliability of the North American grid, is lobbying the Obama administration for more time to comply with the new regulations in order to prevent possible electricity disruptions.

Protecting the Power Grid

This is another utility that we don’t often think about, we push the button on the remote control and the TV comes on or we turn the light switch on and the light brightens to light our homes. We have all experienced electric outages caused by storms, natural disasters or even overloaded the electric grid. When this happens the cause is usually immediately known and teams of repair people are on the way to fix the problems. But what if the electric grid or parts of it goes down because of manmade causes? With natural outages the electric companies can prepare and make plans, with manmade outages the electric companies have problems preparing because they don’t have a history, that being said they do try and prepare of all outages.

On April 6, 2013 at a Pacific Gas & Electric substation the following happened, unknown people cut ATT fiber optic lines to the substation. This cut off all communication into and out of the substation. They then began firing 100 rounds for about 20 minutes into the substation causing 16 million dollars damage and shutting down that substation. This attack went largely unreported; maybe that is a good thing. The question is was this just some jerks being jerks, or was this a test to see how we would respond.

This was an attack on just one substation; the grid is programmed so that it will automatically switch to other substations to make up for the one that went down. A good majority of the substations are unmanned, so remote protection must be used. Here is some of that protection:

Fencing that will detect cutting or being tampered with
Cameras that scan not only the fence area and the substation, but the surrounding area as well
At least two different forms of communication into and out of the station
Remote monitoring and calling local police to investigate if anything suspicious is detected
High security padlocks on fence gates, access control padlocks should be considered
Background checks of personnel, especially those with access

I am discussing security at unmanned substations, for main electric plants, building and personal security become very important. This will be the discussion of another article.

I am just touching on this subject. It is far more difficult and expensive to properly protect our power grid. That said we will never have it secured if we don’t start, it will be a long process.

George Uliano is a security professional with years of law enforcement and security experience. He earned a Bachelors Degree in Criminal Justice and Business graduating with honors. George holds three U.S. patents on different locking principles. This combination gives George and His Company Locking Systems International Inc the unique ability to provide its customers with the correct security at an affordable price.

Get Off The Grid, A Movement?

If you try asking ten different people what it means to be “off the grid”, you are likely going to get ten different answers. The term “off the grid” seems to have taken on a meaning that is beyond the original meaning of the term referring to being off the national electrical grid. It now, seems to have several meanings besides unplugging from the national electrical grid.

It now also describes an attitude held by many that they no longer want to participate in the “rat race” and are seeking a better way of life. Some of them are skeptical of the public intrusion into their privacy (i.e.; “smart meters” on their electricity supply, body searches at airports, unjustified searches at roadblocks on public highways, etc.) and just want to drop out of a system they see as becoming overbearing and intolerable.

Some no longer have confidence that the traditional sources of supply are going to be reliable in the future and are seeking access to replacement sources that will be reliable. Most of these people are discovering that the only really reliable sources of supply are the ones they provide for themselves. This is evidenced by the increase in sales of solar-electric systems, wind generators, and other off the grid power sources.

There are people that are stockpiling supplies, including food, against possible shortages. When I type “Food Storage” into Google’s search engine, I get 6,680,000 results. That is an awful lot of people selling storage food, and they would not be there if there were no customers. A significant number of people are obviously becoming insecure about their food supply.

There has been resurgence in interest in vegetable gardening as a source of wholesome food that is grown without the use of chemical fertilizers or pesticides. People are becoming more concerned about what they eat and feed their children, no longer trusting the chain grocery stores to provide them with safe nutritious food.

Real estate companies have noticed an increase in interest in rural properties as people have become discontented with the congestion, crime, and violence in our cities and are trying to find a more desirable environment in which to live and raise their children. As a result of this, the cost of housing in smaller towns and communities has been inching up while housing in cities has been going down.

The desire to get off the grid has become a minor movement in our society and around the world. It seems to be growing day by day as more people become dissatisfied and start looking for ways to increase their control over their own lives. Google search engine reports 135,000 global and 90,500 U.S. searches for the term “off the grid” in just one month, so a significant number of people are searching for answers. When that many people start looking for answers, they will certainly find them.

Off the grid does mean different things to different people but there is no denying it is a movement that is gaining popularity and is here to stay. While it is a near impossibility to be completely self reliant, anything that contributes to self reliance is, in my opinion, a good thing.

J.A. Lee has lived many years off the grid in remote areas. He encourages self reliance and green living through the use of alternative forms of energy and sustainable agriculture. He writes for several online publications including his own blog at http://www.offgridok.com where you can discover his “unique methods for getting things done”.

Dedicated Server Hosting Advantages

Dedicated server hosting, as the word suggests is only dedicated or in other words given to and owned by one client or customer. Stand alone server is the server which belongs to only one client and there is no other client,account holder or no one is sharing the server with the owner of the dedicated server. As their is no other account holder for the dedicated hosting it is said to be the best server type as you are free to use the server according to you. One of the best part of dedicated server is the fact that all the resources of the server entirely belongs to you.

You do not have to worry about the other account holders (as there aren’t any) and you can use the server resources according to you. As only you are using the resources,you very well know that how much resources you require for a certain period of time. The dedicated server will provide you the flexibility too. If suppose you want to share the resources of the dedicated server with someone else than you can do that too.So by this you can select the appropriate plan or package for you from the different plans or packages available with the web hosting company that is providing the web hosting service to you.

Here again the best part of the stand alone server is noticed. If you have a stand alone server you can customize your server according to your needs and requirements and as there are no other users sharing the server with you, ( as mentioned earlier it depends on you) there is no one to complain or have any issues with your customization on the server. The customization you have on the server is definitely going to help you out to increase your business standard or in other words to give you a reputed name in the industry in which you are working. This is because as you have a dedicated server you can allow your website traffic to flourish.

If you have a company which earns a lot, or say a good amount of money of your entire amount of turnover then, dedicated server is the best for you as dedicated servers are more reliable, safe and give you a guaranteed up time. If you have a a web hosting company then it is very beneficial to you as you can give your clients the reliability and up time that they need and is very essential for your company so that you build a good reputation and respect among the customers for the company. As stand alone server give you all these features or in other words all these benefits, these servers are much better option than any other hosting type as you will not get or will be able to provide these features to your customers and the fact that if you are sharing the server with any other websites or account holders than it is certainly going to effect you.

Digital Signage

DIGITAL SIGNAGE DISPLAYS
MONITORS – Modern presentation equipment for your concepts. From airports, in hotels, in waiting rooms or in shopping malls – and more often show us the way and solve visual guidance systems thus increasing the classic signs off. Electronic information display systems and entertained us in the tram, on the platform or on escalators and are often accompanied by commercials or short messages. When it comes to the use of digital media content to Information and promotional purposes, it is called digital signage. The product range of IntelliSpot Grupe range of digital signage solutions include with broader capabilities:

– Electronic price and information signs
Door and nameplates Signpost / Welcomeboards
– Advertising displays
– Digital Poster
– Picture Player
– Stand-alone Media Player / Network Media Player and video stations
– Video walls
– Multi-Display Solutions and Showcases
– Remote monitoring solutions (remote monitoring)
– 3D monitors / displays information

Especially for meetings and events there are often short-term changes in the flow – with Digital Signage, you can then respond flexibly. In contrast to conventional paper form need not be re-printed or pasted over. The content can be as often as desired update or addressed to different target groups and customers.

Further cost advantages:

– No investment in expensive server software when it is not needed
– Tailor-made solutions for every application
– No monthly maintenance costs
– Low investment and operating costs

For good reason, the interest in digital signage solutions in commerce and industry is steadily increasing: On the one hand, the displays in the acquisition have become much cheaper and more economical, on the other hand, the image quality is now more mature than they were a few years ago. In addition, the technology of customers or consumers, passers-by and visitors is assumed more and more and it can be more complex forms of presentation realized (eg, multi-image).

VIDEO WALLS IN MANY SIZES
Ideal for displaying content without beamer. The video walls can be offered on request in various sizes. With accessories like stands, wall brackets and ceiling mounts, you can mount or install video walls everywhere. With the innovative portable monitor wall you remain flexible at every event. The drop down boxes allow rapid assembly and dismantling a monitor wall without tools and is ideal as a mobile solution. The video screens are used in various areas of digital signage to monitoring.

A video wall can be used in a bright room where a projector is not bringing in enough power. The extra narrow bezel of the monitors we the entire image as a large display. The position and content of the presentation on a video wall can be created individually with the IntelliSpot control. The monitor wall can be created according to your wishes in different sizes such as 2×2, 3×2, 3×3, or 4×3. Set the content or videos with special software for video walls in any position and size Represent can be the source and the arrangement at any time individually adjusted and represent your targeted advertising.

A New Era in Digital Signage for AstraZeneca

A New Era in Digital Signage for AstraZeneca
Biopharmaceutical company’s Delaware-based U.S. Corporate Headquarters get a new digital signage network, screens and audio to match.
By Dawn Allcot

Most, if not all, Sound & Communications readers remember a time before digital signage (and HDTV monitors, for that matter) existed. But technology in this industry advances quickly and we’re already seeing the next generations of digital signage solutions. Some early adopters may even be ready for an upgrade of their systems to enjoy the expanded capabilities, better ease-of-use, and enhanced flexibility of today’s digital signage hardware and software. This was exactly the case for the global biopharmaceutical firm, AstraZeneca, who recently called on West Chester, Penn.-based audio visual integrator Advanced AV to completely replace and update the digital signage systems in their U.S. corporate headquarters, located in Wilmington, Del.

The company needed a versatile, easy-to-use system that could be used for internal corporate communications and branding along with emergency messaging services, with the goal of completely doing away with paper signage across a multi-building campus and improving the company’s carbon footprint with more eco-friendly technology.

In 2002, the Advanced AV team, headed by Digital Signage Market Development Manager Vince Faville, had installed a digital signage system from Magic Box in AstraZeneca’s corporate headquarters, using some of the earlier models of 4:3 aspect ratio plasma monitors to display content intended for internal communications.

Faville says, €Magic Box is a one-to-one solution. In other words, you have one Magic Box system, and you push that content out to multiple displays through distribution equipment.€

€At that time, the plasma programming was leading-edge technology,€ says Rebecca Everitt, senior manager of corporate communications for AstraZeneca.

But the old system didn’t give the client the ability to show multiple unique messages on different screens, to separate the screens into zones to share a variety of information at one time, or the ability to make real-time updates to the programming. It also didn’t give members of various AstraZeneca departments the ability to create and upload their own content.

€In the past, when someone wanted to put content on the screens, they would send the corporate communications department an email with the information,€ Faville relates. €It would need to be formatted for Magic Box, so they would have to send it to the production team to re-format, taking up a lot of valuable time and resources. Now, anyone designated as a content owner can create content using a template established by AstraZeneca’s communications department. Authorized content owners receive a unique log-in to the system, so they can create content to be approved by the communications department and then delivered to the digital signage system.€

This was one of the requirements outlined by the client. Other features the client requested included the ability to:

Make real-time changes in content, as spearheaded by the communications department
Display full-screen alerts as part of an emergency system
Plan programming in advance and target information to different locations and during specific times
At the same time, the original 2002-model, 4:3 aspect ratio screens were beginning to show signs of image burn-in (which older-model plasmas are prone to do after time), and were not as eco-friendly as today’s models.

AstraZeneca’s Everitt explains, €We wanted to replace and upgrade the aging campus-wide plasma communication system with a digital signage solution that provided greater flexibility and timeliness in message delivery to our employees, while using less energy, generating less heat and reducing paper use for communications.€

Environmentalism, or steps toward a €greener€ workplace, was a project objective for the biopharmaceutical firm, according to Everitt. The company knew how much time, money and natural resources was being used with the printing and hanging of paper signs across the facility, many of which remained on the walls for a short campaign before being replaced with a new message.

Advanced AV, acting as a consultant at the beginning of the project, shared several different solutions with the client, and AstraZeneca decision makers liked the flexibility, customization and ease of use of the Tightrope Media Systems digital signage solution. The system includes a player PC mounted behind or near each display and outfitted with Carousel’s proprietary licensing software, and Carousel Enterprise Server software, which resides on a virtual network and is managed by the Information Services (IS) department.

€This system allows us to provide creation and editing rights to more people in the business and it’s very user-friendly,€ Everitt says. €We can split the screen into zones, so multiple types of information can be shown at the same time. Various file types can be uploaded without distortion of quality, eliminating the need for file conversions and allowing for real-time communications.€

Faville adds, €The client ultimately chose Tightrope because it seemed to fit best in their workflow. Since they can get messages out easier and more efficiently, they’ve done away with all those posters.€

The Tightrope system provides the capability to display five different €zones€ of messaging on one screen, and it can custom-size content to fit any of the zones automatically. The client can also pull content from corporate RSS feeds and other external data to display on the screens. €We were very excited,€ Everitt says, €about the ability to split the screen into different zones so multiple types of information can be shown at the same time, such as video in one section of the screen and weather and upcoming events in another part.€

Selling Digital Signage
Often, when audio visual integrators are pursuing a big digital signage project, the key challenge is in customer education. Prospects have to be sold on the benefits of digital signage and integrators must explain the vast capabilities and applications of the system before the project is a €go.€

This was not at all the case with the digital signage upgrade for AstraZeneca’s U.S. corporate headquarters. €AstraZeneca was different because they were already familar with digital signage but they were looking for a €better mouse trap,’€ Faville says. €Advanced AV installed the original system with the best product available to meet their needs at that time. However, with computers becoming more powerful and prices of digital signage solutions dropping, we were able to offer a much better solution today.€

Faville worked closely with Advanced AV project manager Tory Holmwood, applications engineer Peter Claffey, the architects and the AstraZeneca IS department, along with other AstraZeneca staff, to implement the Tightrope Carousel server and equipment, along with 27 LCD flat screens and audio for video throughout the space.

Everitt notes, €The success of the project was due to a cross-functional team, including people from Corporate Communications, Facilities, Information Services, Engineering, and Procurement, working together to identify the best solution to fit our needs, from both a functionality and compatibility perspective. Each team member served as an expert from their area to help guide the project to success.€


Keeping Cool and Other Challenges
The challenges to this project, as Faville explains them, were related primarily to IT infrastructure and design elements. The client was sold on the solution; the challenge was to implement it in a way that it would operate properly on the company’s network, and so that the technology would blend in with the architecture.

€What the architects say will l

Prerequisites of Choosing a Windows Server Management Provider

If the process of windows server management is strong and efficient the growth of the business also goes high. It should be done very efficaciously to obtain maximum productivity from the business. The entire IT infrastructure and its working depend on the management of the servers. Hence there is a great demand to maintain these machines very strongly in almost every business organization.

This has led the companies to use the companies that are offering their IT support services in relation to the management of the servers. Due to this many users are following the remote services provided by the experienced professionals into this field. These services incur some cost according to which one is chosen by the user according to the requirement.

While choosing the windows server support, the type of support options must be known and clear so that there will not be any issue between the process. The service package must contain all the tools and technologies relevant to the need of the business because many time downtimes create havoc. The process of sending the support ticket as well as the response time should be quick. Not only the support mechanism should be strong but the servers also contain the ability to be customized. The server can easily be managed from a remote location. Another important aspect that the server management provider should concentrate is server security.

There must have a secured approach of managing the machine and if any disaster occurs the data can easily be recovered. Every business today runs on its operational data and up to a level depends on it hence it should be backed up very intelligently by these service providers. It must be one the top priorities because the client is handling its core business data to another hand to make it properly managed and secured and a cost is also being paid for it.

Since these providers have large data centers and power management is also another aspect that should properly be handled. The required amount of power must be allotted to any particular server because these centers contain large number of servers. All the machines require a certain amount of power to run. They have a special team of skilled professionals that perform tasks according to their expertise and level of service. These are some of the general things that every user must know in order to arrange a good technical support for the company.

Sap Server Exactly What You Require Recognize or Even Know Any Time Have Got Gui Sap Component

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